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Note
titleBefore You Begin

In the first module, if you followed all three tracks, your inventory should now include a Hyper-V or VMware vCenter Server (along with its inventory of ESX hosts and VMs), a pair of physical servers (one agent-based Linux system, and a WMI-based Windows system), and an SNMP network device. The screenshots used in this module reflect this.

For the exercises in this module, the two physical servers are used as examples. If you did not add physical servers to your inventory, you can either just follow along, or consider adding physical servers so that you can do every exercise.

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Let's now create a Service Group that includes the service monitor, and is assigned to the My Infrastructure Element Group.

  1. In the left pane, click Add Service Group.
  2. In the Add Service Group pop-up window, confirm the group type is Regular, then click Continue.
  3. Give the Service Group a name. In this example, we'll call this group pingable
  4. Configure the Service Group to include the pingTest service monitor you created earlier in this exercise, and associate it with the the My Infrastructure Element Group. 

    Note
    titleFYI

    My Infrastructure is always available as an Element Group, as it represents all of your monitored inventory (or, Elements), as shown when you view it in the My Infrastructure panel. The other two groups shown in this example (Discovered Hosts, and Discovered Virtual Machines) were automatically created when you add added a VMware vCenter Server as an Element.

  5. Click Finish, then click Close Window
    In the main UI window, you are taken to your list of Service Groups, of which you now have one:

    The list provides a summary of each Service Group. In our case, our group is associated with a single Element Group (and any of its subgroups); it is not directly assigned to any individual Elements; it contains a single service monitor.

Validation

  1. Click My Infrastructure to view the inventory you added in the first module:.
    Image RemovedClick any Element's gear icon, then in the pop-up menu, click View to display its General Information page.
    Because you have associated the Service Group to all Elements (by way of the the My Infrastructure Element Group), the service monitor is attached to any Element.
  2. In the left pane, click the Services tab to display any services attached to, and monitoring, this Element.

    You can see that by creating a Service Group (pingable), and linking it to an Element Group to which this Element belongs (My Infrastructure), this Element now uses this service monitor. Some things to note using the above screenshot:
    • the pingTest service monitor has a (member) suffix to indicate it is "attached" to this Element via a Service Group, meaning the properties of this service monitor can only be edited at the Service Group level (it is possible to "detach" a service monitor to make it editable at an Element level, but this is not a best practice)
    • the pingTest service monitor status may be shown as UNKNOWN because it is recently added, and a full monitoring interval has not yet passed
    • to view how long a monitoring interval is for a particular Element, click its Info tab, then look in the Data Collection section of the General Information page

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Now that you've gone through a rudimentary exercise of creating a service monitor, a Service Group, and assigning them to the My Infrastructure Element group, we'll learn more about their properties.

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As you add Elements to Uptime Infrastructure Monitor, by default, they end up at the top of the My Infrastructure hierarchy. Unless you are monitoring a small number of Elements, it's best practice to keep your monitored inventory well organized. Doing so helps both administrators and end users, which we will see in this exercise. 

How you organize your Elements may depend on the policies that determine other aspects of your IT infrastructure, such as naming conventions for hosts. You may want to divide your inventory primarily by platform (for example, you could have Linux, Solaris, and Windows top-level groups); you may want to divide by geographical location; or you could organize first by Element function (for example, Production versus QA/UAT). In our example, we'll organize our Elements by function, then by platform.

  1. Click My Infrastructure, then click Add Group in the left pane.
  2. Provide a Group Name of Production, leaving the other configuration options empty, or at the default value: 

  3. Click Save, then click Add Another.
  4. Provide a Group Name of Windows Servers, and make the Parent Group the previously created Production group: 
  5. From the Available Elements list, locate and add your Windows Element.

    Note
    titleNote

    As mentioned at the beginning of this module, it is assumed you have Windows and Linux server Elements in your inventory. If you don't, you can either follow along, substitute these examples with something similar in your current test inventory, or go back and add these types of Elements.

  6. Click Save, then click Add Another.
  7. Provide a Group Name of Linux Servers, and again make Production the Parent Group:
  8. Click Save, then click Close Window
    Notice how we did not add your Linux server to the Linux Servers Element group as we were creating it. You can also assign an Element to an Element Group from the perspective of the Element itself. 

  9. In the main UI window, locate your Linux server in My Infrastructure
  10. Click its gear icon, then click Edit.
  11. In the pop-up window, change the Element's Parent Group from My Infrastructure, to Linux Servers
  12. Click Save.

Validation (

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Infrastructure)

After adding the Element Groups, in the main UI window, My Infrastructure is displayed. Click to expand the Production group, and the Windows Servers and Linux Servers child groups. Each of these child groups contain one Element.

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Structuring your monitored inventory in My Infrastructure not only facilitates Element management for system administrators, but, as the structures are reflected in dashboards, can also be useful for end users. 

Info
titlePro Tip

Elements are not just servers, network devices, and their virtual instances; they can also be Applications and SLAs. Although based on metrics retrieved from monitored hardware (whether physical or virtual), Applications and SLAs provide health and performance information from a business perspective. Nonetheless, they are also found under My Infrastructure, and can be placed in their own Element Groups. Refer to the product documentation for more information about SLAs, and Applications and the Applications dashboard.

Validation (Resource Scan)

Click Dashboards, then click the Resource Scan tab. This dashboard summarizes resource usage for server-type Elements from various points in your hierarchy of Elements: you can click an individual server to show its usage data, or Element Groups to show an average of all its Elements. Your Production group is here, showing an average of the data for the servers you added to its platform-specific child groups. Click the parent group to drill down and display the Windows Servers and and Linux Servers child child groups. Each child group now shows usage data for its respective Element. Click either child group to display its contents, which in our case is a single server that you added: 

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In the first exercise, you created a basic Service Group and assigned it to all of your Elements via the My Infrastructure Element Group. Let's create another Service Group that demonstrates inheritance. To do this, we make use of the Production parent Element Group we created in the previous exercise. But first, let's create a service monitor that is part of the Service Group. Because it is assigned to Elements in the Production Element group, this service monitor should be something appropriate for all servers in a production environment. 

  1. Click Services, then click Add Service Monitor in the left pane
  2. In the Add Service Monitor pop-up, select the Performance Check service monitor, and click Continue.
  3. Provide a Service Name of Server Performance (Prod), and leave it Unassigned (we are going to create a Service Group for it): 
  4. For the sake of the exercise, continue to configure the service monitor will with some thresholds, similar to those shown above. 
    For this module and guide, we won't be making use of any performance checks you define, but feel free to experiment. You can always enter some unrealistically strict thresholds to force alerts, just to see how they appear on the dashboards. 
  5. Click Finish, then click Close Window.
    Now that we have created a common performance check intended for all your production servers, let's do what we did in the first exercise of this module, and create a Service Group that will include it.
  6. Click Services, then click Add Service Group in the left pane.
  7. in the Add Service Group pop-up window, confirm the group type is Regular, then click Continue.
  8. Configure the service group as follows:

    • Provide a logical group name such as Server Availability/Performance (Prod)
    • From the unassigned group of Available Services, add the Server Performance (Prod) service monitor you created earlier in this exercise.
    • Select, from the Available Element Groups, the Production Element Group that you created in the last exercise. 
    • Ensure the include subgroups check box is selected.
  9. Click Finish, then click Close Window.

Validation

Click My Infrastructure to see your hierarchy:

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Once these Service Group and Element Group relationships are established, if you created more child Element Groups, the respective Elements they contain would inherit the appropriate service monitors. (For example, adding a "Solaris" Element Group as a child of the Production group, and sibling of the Linux and Windows groups means the Solaris servers will inherit all of the general health check service monitors; adding a "Databases" Element Group as a child of the Windows Servers group group means the database servers will inherit all the Windows-specific health check monitors.)

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